Q:The legal issues involving autonomous vehicles. Briefly describe the legal status of autonomous vehicles and survey the challenges facing the legal framework and regulation of autonomous vehicles and issues with liability. Explore one legal topic in detail. Provide weblinks to support your blog post.
A:The legal status of autonomous vehicles is very embarrassed. The auto autonomous vehicles growing up. Obviously, it can cost down the car accident happened and severity. However, the duty of car accident may change from driver into autonomous vehicles manufacturing company. Increase autonomous vehicles manufacturing company’s liability risk. The personal motor vehicle insurance business will languor. And the Product liability business will grow up. Languor and growing up were very obviously, the accident itself will be seen as a powerful indication of product defects. Without a doubt, most of law about autonomous vehicles still lagged behind rapidly evolving technology. I think it is hard to say which is wrong.
For example, if you driver an autonomous vehicle. You are in trouble. A person in front of your car. An couples are on your right side. Island is on your left side and if your car hit the island all the person in your car were dead including you. The car is too fast to stop. You only have three choices. What will you do if you can control the car？ What do your car do when you can’t control it？I think these two questions are very difficult question. And different answer will make you face different legally responsible. And all the answer autonomous vehicles company have to face legally responsible. Because people will think the accident itself will be seen as a powerful indication of product defects. Personal speaking, this is very unfair to autonomous vehicles company. There is nothing is 100％. Even it is mechanical. However, only one autonomous vehicles company, Volvo said he can face 100％ legally responsible only if you did not change the setting. I think this is a good way for many countries to reference. Only their company know their apparatus. Thus, they will know how to avoid accident. If you change the setting you have to be responsible for what you set.
Q:When an autonomous vehicle crashes or has an accident of some sort – who is responsible, and to what degree? Consider the following story:
Alice buys an autonomous vehicle from Bob, who sells them. The autonomous vehicle has different settings, some more aggressive (where the autonomous vehicle drives faster and brakes harder), and some less. Alice sets the autonomous vehicle to its most aggressive setting. One night on a dark and wet road, Alice hits a pedestrian, Carlos, who was jaywalking. Carlos is badly hurt.
How should we divide up the responsibility for Carlos’ injury? Here are some immediate suspects: Alice, since she was the owner of the autonomous vehicle, and was using it at the time of the accident; Carlos, who was in the road when he shouldn’t have been; Bob, who sold Alice a car that had the aggressive setting(s).
Perhaps there are some other possible responsible parties as well. For example, we might consider the state (the government) that allows the autonomous vehicle on the roads, to be partly responsible. Or we might think that the autonomous vehicle manufacturers are partly responsible, in that they made the autonomous vehicle with the aggressive settings. Or we might think that the autonomous vehicle itself is partly responsible, since it is somewhat autonomous. Or we might think that the accident was a freak occurrence that no-one is responsible for.
In a blog post of 300-400 words, consider who the parties responsible for Carlos’ injuries are, and why they are so responsible. Given your assessment, what advice might you give to the manufacturers, owners or regulators of AVs to help address these types of issues?
A:I think Bob, autonomous vehicle seller is only responsible for 10 percent about Carlos’ injuries. The autonomous vehicle’s driver has to be responsible for 50 percent about Carlos’ injuries. Carlos had to be responsible for 40 percent about himself. In this issue, Bob is Innocent however, on morality and justice he had to be responsible for 10 percent due to the owner of the autonomous vehicle company. Basic on financial resources, Bob is richer than Carlos. Thus, Bob is only responsible for 10 percent. Although his company offer aggressive settings this is still not his problem. Have you ever hear that the sport car owner charge the sport car company offer too powerful engine to control then make the car accident？I think your answer is no！ You want to drive faster is you choose. And you make the accident. It is not sport car company’s business. The driver, Alice has to be responsible for 50 percent about Carlos’ injuries. He set the aggressive mode by himself. It is a terrible situation that on night on a dark and wet road. However, the driver had not changed aggressive mode into less mode. He had to be responsible what he decided. He had a negligence. And all roads are Pedestrian priority that why he had to be responsible more 10 percent than Carlos even he was jaywalking. Carlos, who was jaywalking. He also had a negligence. When he across the road, he did not see around the road to make sure it is safe. However, he across the road without checking all around. He had to be responsible for 40 percent about himself. If he wears the Bright color shirt, he will responsible less 20 percent. And the driver will responsible less 20 percent, the Bob will responsible about 60 percent. Because his product sensitivity and accuracy are very bad. He did not test very well.
1.Search the internet and other sources and list the different types of technology that may be found in autonomous vehicles (include at least one more option than those listed above). Describe each technology in 1-2 sentences, and include at least one web link.
Ans:1. Adaptive Cruise Control. When you drive on the highway, you can set a speed then car will keep driving in your set speed without your control. When the car in front of you slow down, it will let your car slow down to keep it safe. Maybe in the future, when the car in front of you slow down, the car will slow down by itself and reduce the vehicles crash on the road.2.GPS. When your car be stolen, GPS can tell you where is your car now. 3. DAC . When you are driving but your car is control in unusual. Then car will make some noise to warn the driver. Maybe in the future, it can ask driver to use autopilot.4.Summon system. This is very special technology. When your car in the parking lot, you can call your car. The car will come out by itself and come to your located. You do not need to spend time to find your car. It will be more convenient than now.
2. Select one type of technology and look at it in greater detail. How is it currently being used? What are its benefits and drawbacks? What is its future potential? Don’t forget to include references to any sources you may have used.
Ans: Adaptive Cruise Control. It has been used in luxury car like Volvo. It can highly cost down the accident happened.
1.S A E International has a formal classification system for autonomous vehicles, ranging from level 0 (not automated) to level 5 (fully automated). Briefly describe each of the levels.
A: level 0: No Automation. The full-time performance by the human driver of all aspects of the dynamic driving task, even when enhanced by warning or intervention systems.
level 1: Driver Assistance. The driving mode-specific execution by a driver assistance system of either steering or acceleration/deceleration using information about the driving environment and with the expectation that the human driver performs all remaining aspects of the dynamic driving task.
level 2: Partial Automation. The driving mode-specific execution by one or more driver assistance systems of both steering and acceleration/ deceleration using information about the driving environment and with the expectation that the human driver performs all remaining aspects of the dynamic driving task.
level 3: Conditional Automation. The driving mode-specific performance by an automated driving system of all aspects of the dynamic driving task with the expectation that the human driver will respond appropriately to a request to intervene.
level 4: High Automation. The driving mode-specific performance by an automated driving system of all aspects of the dynamic driving task, even if a human driver does not respond appropriately to a request to intervene.
level 5: Full Automation. The full-time performance by an automated driving system of all aspects of the dynamic driving task under all roadway and environmental conditions that can be managed by a human driver.
2. Use the internet to find at least two examples of autonomous vehicles that already exist. Which companies/universities/groups are they from? What autonomous behaviour do they exhibit (i.e., can parallel park itself, can drive itself)? How have they been tested?
A: 1.Rolls Royce 103EX . 103EX is from Rolls-Royce. The driverless car automatically opens its roof and doors for waiting passengers. The luggage compartment in the front of the car slides open automatically on arrival. The car features a virtual assistant named Eleanor, which can start the car and bring it to the front of the house before the ride begins. Upon reaching the destination, the car’s glass roof rises and a step emerges with the projection of a red light. They haven’t been tasted. 2.Tesla Model S. It is from Tesla. It can drive itself and its speed can be 128 km per hour. It can switch to others traffic lanes. It can be called and come to your site from parking lot by itself. It has tasted by NHTSA and Euro NCAP.
3. Consider the SAE classifications from the question 1. At which level would each of the vehicles discussed in question 2 be? Provide rationale for your decisions.
A: I think is level 4: High Automation. When autonomous vehicle in a dilemma what should vehicle do to win-win. There is a boy on the road and a couple on the right side. Autonomous vehicle is too fast to stop. What should autonomous vehicle do？If the car keep going the boy will dead. If autonomous vehicle turns right the couple will dead. If autonomous vehicle turns left autonomous vehicle will crash and driver and passengers were dead. The problem that seem like Michael Sandel’s book, JUSTICE: What’s the Right Thing to Do. Furthermore, the person you hurt that is who’s fault drivers or autonomous vehicle company？This is a big problem. There is only one company said that he will face legal liability is Volvo. Personally speaking, I think the most important is the drivers’ and passengers’ safe first. Because nobody will pay lots of money to buy a car that will kill drivers when it faces the problem.
4. Please state at least 3 possible applications for autonomous vehicles, and why they would be beneficial for those applications.
A:1.The autonomous vehicles combine V2V that vehicles can talk each other. Thus, if there is a car accident vehicle will talk near car to note.2.The autonomous vehicles can figure out traffic jam. Every car can drive in same speed.3.The autonomous vehicles can cost down car accident happened. When the car in front of you slow down, your car induces it. Than your can will slow down by itself.